Ich finde diese Infografik inhaltlich sehr aufschlussreich und äusserst originell in der Darstellungsidee. Was meinen Sie?
Diese Infografik wurde von visualcapitalist.com erstellt und publiziert und basiert auf Daten von Bloomberg und US Global Research.
Diese Infografik wurde von visualcapitalist.com erstellt und publiziert. Klicken Sie auf diesen Link oder das Bild um zu der Posterversion der Grafik zu kommen.
Diese Infografik wurde von visualcapitalist.com erstellt und publiziert.
Diese Infografik wurde von howmuch.net erstellt und publiziert.
Michael’s opinion: There are New Frontiers mankind will tackle geographically in the decades to come. This includes the Arctic, the Antarctica, the Oceans, and Space. Fascinating endeavors that we will make or at least witness in our lifetime. MdP will cover these challenges the human species will definitely accept and presumably master. As mankind always did so far.
click this link to get to the poster version of the infographic
© McGraw-Hill Education/Mike Wirth
This area, located at the northern-most part of the world and borders Alaska, Canada, Russia and Greenland, is said to contain between 20 and 30% of the world’s untapped oil and gas reserves. Some consider this venture to be a great opportunity and promise while others fear it will cause great devastation.
- Less Dependence on Foreign Oil Securing our oil interests in places like the Middle East has long been a cause for military involvement. Creating our own supply could reduce future conflicts and ultimately drive down high costs of gasoline.
- More jobs Revenue from the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, constructed in the 1970s, revenue from the currently produces about one-fifth of our country’s oil supports much of the residents of Alaska, who pay no state income tax and receive government subsidies supplied by the big oil companies. Drilling in the Arctic could create an estimated 250,000 to 735,000 jobs.
- Minimal Disruption to Wildlife According to the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), only 8% of the 19 million acre refuge is being considered for exploration and that wildlife and oil development have been coexisting in Alaska without incident.
- Environmental Concerns Ironically, it is melting ice in the Arctic caused by climate change that is making it possible for oil companies to be able to drill in the first place. But the mining process will also further accelerate climate change. Heavy oils must be heated in order to extract them from the ground, releasing carbon dioxide. The process also requires a large amount of water and ultimately causes a high amount of pollution. Drilling also threatens certain wildlife, the bowhead whale in particular, which natives depend on for one of their main sources of food and livelihoods.
- Threat of an oil spill The 2010 explosion of the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico (owned by oil company, BP) released an estimated 4.9 million barrels of oil into the ocean. It is considered the largest environmental disaster in U.S. history. Experts believe that drilling in the Arctic cannot yet be done safely and that a disaster is inevitable. The National Oil Spill Commission published a report last year saying that there are currently “no proven methods for cleaning oil spilled in ice.” In addition, they found that the Coast Guard in that area is not adequately equipped to deal with a large-scale oil leak catastrophe.
If the Arctic is indeed the “next great frontier,” the question remains: who owns it? Under “international law” all five countries that border the area–United States, Canada and Greenland, Russia and Norway – can lay claim to waters up to 200 nautical miles from its coastline. However, countries can apply to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea to have their borders extended; four of the five countries have done this (the United States is not yet eligible to a claim). Russia has also announced that it will increase its military efforts in the area.
What is your Opinion?
Do some more research and pick a side of this debate. Take one point made above and further illustrate your argument with examples. In addition, do you think ownership of the Arctic region could lead to a full-scale military conflict? Why or why not.
Posted by Lia Eastep on Feb 4, 2014 in Geography: The Human and Physical World, Global Connections, Science and Technology, World
Michael’s opinion: Germany never had a real political Africa strategy even though some attempts have been made over the years. Maybe the refugee crises can trigger more German pressure on a European strategy for Africa which is not just covering the „mare nostrum“ in the interest sphere of France and Italy.
Source: Central Intelligence Agency – World Fact Book
Michael’s opinion: MdP will check if Germany industry and private German companies are using the opportunities in the field of asteroid mining. So stay tuned…:)
Click here to see the infographic full-size
Space mining start-up Planetary Resources has put together quite the infographic to explain how asteroid mining will create a trillion-dollar industry.
The company says there are over 1,500 asteroids as easy to get to as the surface of the Moon. They are also in Earth-like orbits with small gravity fields, which make them easier to approach and depart.
Sources: http://www.mining.com and Planetary Ressources
Geopolitisch ist die „Jagd“ nach der Arktis eine der spannensten Vorgänge. In Deutschland wird das Thema leider sehr wenig beachtet, obwohl es viele strategische Implikationen haben wird. Also Augen auf und die Vorgänge um die Arktis ins Visier nehmen.